Tips on Building DIY Solar Panels

by:Longsun     2020-06-11
Solar panels are packaged and connected photovoltaic solar cells that can be used to generate electricity for homes and other applications. The power of solar panels are rated according to the panel's DC output, as tested under optimum conditions. The DC power output typically ranges between 100 and 450 watts per panel. Since a solar panel can only generate power in limited amounts, most solar installations will require multiple panels. A typical household photovoltaic system will at a minimum include solar panels and an inverter, (used to convert DC to AC power), with the interconnecting wiring, this power can then be used for typical household appliances. Sometimes a solar tracker is used to optimize the solar power available, using a battery array, daytime power can be used at night. If you want to take advantage of clean energy, and you want to save on costs, then DIY solar panels are definitely a way to go. The great thing about making your own panels, are that the tools you're going to need are most likely found in DIY'ers toolboxes. Most of the tools you're going to need will actually go towards building the boxes for your panels. The most basic container designs will require a saw, a drill, and a screwdriver. To keep things together and insulated, you will need some wood glue and silicone caulk. For the wiring, just have wire cutters and strippers, a solder, and a soldering iron on hand. If you don't have the following things ready at home, a quick trip to your local hardware store and you will set you straight. The suggested type of solar cells for your panels will be the ones sized 3x6 inches and generating 0.5 volts (3.5 amps) of power. You do not have to go for the most expensive solar cells, search online for grade 'B', Poly solar cells, make sure the solar cells are pre-tabbed to make your life easier. Most people get around to building their panels to reach an output capacity of 18 volts each. If you want to do the same, you will be needing 36 solar cells for every panel. Wire them all together and you will have those 18 volts of power with direct sunlight. If you don't know where to get solar cells, you can most easily find and buy them online, try eBay, or other online sites. Once you have your DIY solar panels all together, you have to test them out to ensure that they work. To do so, simply take the panels out and lay them down under direct sunlight. Get a voltmeter or multimeter and hook them up to your panels. If the voltmeter reads anywhere between 18 and 20 volts, congratulations! Your DIY solar panels were a success! Total cost for the materials for your DIY solar panels should not go beyond $130. You'll be able to save on costs if you don't get pre-tabbed solar cells and if you manage to find materials for your container at home as this will bring costs down to under $100. If you are considering instead to buy pre-made solar panels instead of making your own panels for DIY solar electricity, you will be paying 50% to 75% more, depending on which pre-made solar panels you get. Whatever you choose, you'll save on costs in the long run because you are turning to solar energy while helping to protect the environment. But why wait, when you can already save today by making your own solar panels, right?
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