Learn All About Solar Panels

by:Longsun     2020-05-23
The article below is about solar panels. The reader will be required to put on their thinking cap because some of the terms mentioned are rather technical. Here goes. A solar panel in its simplest definition is a packaging of photovoltaic cells. A photovoltaic cell, also known as a solar cell, converts the energy of light into electricity by the photovoltaic effect (the photovoltaic effect refers to the process by which electric currents are created by a material upon its exposure to light). In reality, these electric currents are transferred between different bands leading to the buildup of current. Construction/ Design of the Solar panel The basic construction of a solar panel is something like this: The panels are described as either being top layer or bottom layer (this is in reference to the movement of electric current across a particular band). The build of the cells might be made using a wafer or thin film of silicon. These cells are interconnected, and several of them make a solar panel. Your typical solar panel will constitute the following: an inverter, a battery, and interconnected wiring. It is important to note that much of the sunlight that is captured by these panels is not fully utilized on account of the fact that these cells are not totally able of converting the full spectrum of light (ultra violet and infra-red). There are one or two recent improvements in design that the solar panel has been subjected to. The intent of this is to ensure that these panels essentially maximize their effectiveness. The design improvements are as follows: Foremost is the issue of having lenses on the surface of the panel that focuses the light to select cells. The second design improvement is to split the light into different wavelength ranges and direct the breams into cells that are tuned to those ranges. This deals with the issue of solar cells being able to act solely on monochromatic light. Your typical solar cell can be mounted in three ways: The first way it can be mounted is on the roof. This is by far the most common mounting method. The panels can be mounted on the ground. For this mode of mounting one needs the support of racks and frames that are used for the job. The last system of mounting is via trackers. These trackers sense the direction of the sun and tilt the solar cells in that direction to ensure maximum absorption of light. The trackers are the newest technology, but also expensive. This sums up lesson 101 on solar panels. The production of this product is set to grow exponentially owing to the fact that the world has embraced the conservation bandwagon big time. The price of this product has been coming down over the last decade. This is probably owing to the fact that solar panels are at present being constructed from a more intelligent design and the fact that the world is doing all it can to conserve energy. Learn to build your own and the savings are enormous!
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